A close ally of America through the 20th century, Canada avoided much of the physical destruction of Twilight and capitalized on its survival through the 21st century. It built up its own industrial base while America faltered, and then established itself for a time as the leader of North America, at least until America managed to get back on its political feet around the turn of the 22nd century.
Canada’s low population growth and the impetus to emigrate to its colony world have combined to keep the county’s population at a fairly stable level over the past several decades.
- Population: 28,243,000 (76% urban, 24% rural)
- Literacy: 100%
- College Education: 98%
- Life Expectancy: 93.0 male, 97.6 female
- Largest Cities: Toronto (2,850,000), Montreal (2,760,000), Vancouver (2,367,000)
Canada’s economic state is very good. The nation seems quite content to buy and sell with its traditional trade partners and is not aggressively trying to capture new markets from other nations. The result of this is that Canada is perceived as having no enemies. Competition from developing nations who would seek to capture Canada’s markets keeps the quiet North American county’s business practices well honed.
- Industrial Capacity. 2 Rudell Units Agricultural
- Output: 106%, net exporter of grain
- Mineral Production: 104%, net exporter of metals and radioactives
- Power Production: 80% (50% solar, 45% atomic, 5 % mineral), net importer of power
- Principal Trading Partners: America, Great Britain, France, Japan
History Since Twilight
By the early 22nd century, Canada had become a mineralogical and agricultural treasure chest, and its historical relationship with Great Britain provided a trading partner to replace America. The trade relationship with Britain, at a time when Britain was terribly short of food and metals for its massive industrialization, made the North Atlantic an area of envy for the rest of the civilized world. Though Canada did perform trade with other nations, including Japan and China, its main trade partnership was with Mother Britain across the sea. At the same time, Canadian engineers worked side-by-side with the British in the exploration and tapping of Greenland’s metal and oil reserves during the middle years of the 22nd century.
Also at that time, Britain boasted the largest naval force on Earth, comprised of hydrofoil ships including aircraft carriers. This arm of diplomacy was put through maneuvers throughout the North Atlantic and always included elements of Canada’s armed forces. When the disputed claims over Antarctic territories forced a confrontation between Argentina and Britain, the latter sent her navy south and took several Canadian units and ships with it. There was no shooting at the time, and the vastly outgunned Argentines backed down, but relations between the two nations have been strained over that matter ever since.
A national effort began in the 22nd century to make Canada the higher education center of the world. A tremendous effort was put into motion at that time to attract great thinkers to Canada to teach, to build facilities which would draw students from around the world, and to build a worldwide reputation for superb education and positive results. Canada correctly recognized the economic potential in being a leader in education. Other nations eventually began sending students to Canada, as a matter of national policy, not wanting to be left behind in the thinking of the age. By the end of the century, Canada had achieved its goal and remains the uncontested master of higher education on Earth.
Politically, the tendency for individual provinces to have far-reaching rights with regard to commerce and industry has fallen off. By no means has the Canadian government become heavily centralized, but it has stepped in and made some nationwide regulations designed to spur the economy and deter meddling between bickering provinces.
Canada’s Northwest Territories yielded a tremendous find of petrochemicals in the 22nd century, turning the area into something of a boomtown. Cities were erected. and wells and pipelines built. However, as the worldwide need for oil products declined over the next century, the region has cut back production drastically, and the entire deserted area remains something of an embarrassment to the Canadian people.
A latecomer to the interstellar space race, Canada didn’t even launch its first stutterwarp-capable ship until 2290. It established outposts on DM+19 5116 and DM+15 4733 and established its first colony world, Doris, in the DM+20 5046 system in 2273. That area of space has, in fact, become known as the Canadian Finger. The colonization of Doris is a national imperative, according to the government. With the help of the frontier spirit which still lives on in western Canada, the migration effort to Doris has been quite successful. The Canadians have also established an enclave on the Sung homeworld.
Canada in 2300
As the champions of advanced education and so-called liberal thinking, the Canadians have obtained for themselves a unique and interesting national character. Canadians, for the most part, view themselves and their state as the main proponents of world peace and ecological safety Canada is one of the greatest supporters of the North American Research League, members and administrators of which have close ties to the universities and national government of Canada.
The colonization of Doris has been a move which has done much to change the face of Canada. Activities along the so-called Canadian Finger of space are eternally front page news, of more interest to earthly Canadians sometimes than they are to those on the Finger. There is a sense of pride among the Canadians that they are now out in the forefront with other nations of Earth, even though they had a very slow start in space.
The initial wave of settlement from Canada was from companies wishing to send their employees out to form new branches. The particulars would vary, but the goals were essentially the same. A family would be offered a tremendous bonus to at least attempt to relocate to Doris and stay there for a set number of years. The bonuses would increase the longer the family would stay there with at least one member working in the new branch of the company. At its height, this method of recruitment was convincing 50 families a week to emigrate out of Canada. The universities were geared up by industry to help families to prepare for their new environment.
Now the government is stepping in with enormous tax incentives to people wishing to relocate. The administration is no longer concerned that there be growing services on the frontier, but now wishes there to be an increasing general population. The effect on the Earthbound Canadian population at large has been extremely favorable, and families and individuals from a broad spectrum of society are taking advantage of the incentives. In fact, so many people are on the move that there is a shortage of skilled people quickly developing in much of Canada.
It is generally agreed that the intentions for the future are to establish Doris as the base from which further space colonization is performed. Obviously, the shots will be called from Ottawa, but the bulk of the effort will have to be dealt with from Doris. There are no plans for new colony worlds immediately, but it is generally agreed that Doris will take many more years before it can be considered fully utilized. Directing public opinion to take into account such large expanses of time is a major concern of government/population relations.